June 23, 2024


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UK-Turkey Free Trade

The United Kingdom and Turkey have a long-standing trade association that has been knowingly influenced by the United Kingdom’s leaving the European Union. The two states signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on December 29, 2020, pointing to reducing barriers to trade between them. However, recent expansions suggest that both nations are looking to refresh this contract, with talks expected to originate next year.

The Current UK-Turkey Trade Relationship

The United Kingdom is the second-largest importer of goods from Turkey, following Germany. About 8% of Turkey’s total goods are exported to the UK. In terms of facilities, the trade between the United Kingdom and Turkey was valued at £23.5 billion in the four sections leading up to the end of Q4 2022, a pattern of an increase of 30.2%, or £5.5 billion, from the preceding year.

The current FTA between the UK and Turkey has been helpful for trade in both nations. To experience privileged tariffs under the UK-Turkey FTA, imports must intersect the UK-Turkey privileged rules of derivation. Industries can nonetheless trade supplies that do not undergo these rules, but they will not value from the inclination under the FTA.

The Need for a New Trade Deal

Contempt the existing FTA, both the UK and Turkey trust there is room for development. The current contract, which was bowled over when Britain left the European Union, is now carefully outdated. A review of the contract has led both sides to conclude that a new deal could be more useful.

The original deal aims to include facilities and the digital segment, areas not covered by the current agreement. This is important as the United Kingdom is the second-largest service exporter in the world, accounting for around 80% of the country’s GDP. A new trade agreement could mount trade and alleviate UK companies’ exploiting prospects in this area, driving economic development.

Potential Benefits of a New Trade Deal

An innovative trade-deal between Britain and Turkey might sheltered prevailing privileged tariffs for the 7,600 UK conglomerates that exported commodities to Turkey in 2019. This would ensure the continued tariff-free flow of goods and protect vital UK-Turkey supply chains in the automotive and manufacturing sectors.

Furthermore, the new deal could potentially lead to cheaper goods and more choice for UK consumers. It could also provide opportunities for businesses across numerous sectors, improving competitiveness and fostering long-term strategic partnerships.

Challenges and Considerations

While a new trade deal presents numerous benefits, it also comes with challenges. The difficulty of FTA rules of source, difficulty in procurement supporting documentation from sellers, and lack of in-house know-how are some of the trials associated with FTAs.

Moreover, the change from the EU-Turkey taxes union to a bilateral free trade association could result in extra costs for UK trade. Therefore, an impact valuation of these costs is essential.

Another important consideration is the inclusion of provisions related to human rights and workers’ rights in the agreement. These subjects have been elevated by the House of Lords Global Agreements Group, highlighting the need for a complete approach to the new employment deal. 


The future talks between the UK and Turkey on a new free employment deal signify a critical step towards firming their trade relationship. While the present FTA has facilitated employment between the two nations, a new, modernized arrangement could further improve this relationship, offering significant benefits for businesses and customers alike. However, careful consideration of potential trials and broader societal issues is vital to ensuring a fair and beneficial contract for all parties involved.

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