June 23, 2024
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In today’s evolving geopolitical landscape, businesses are often caught in the crosshairs of political decisions and sanctions. The recent challenges faced by Yum! Brands, especially regarding KFC’s challenging exit from Russia, provide an in-depth perspective into the intricacies of international business in an era where sanctions and restrictions play a pivotal role. This article aims to shed light on the intricacies of this situation and the evolving era of business that large corporations must navigate.

The global business arena has always been dynamic, but with ever-tightening political restrictions, especially in countries like Russia, corporate exits have become a complex endeavor. When Yum! Brands, the U.S. parent company of KFC, initiated its exit from Russia, they were met with a series of unexpected hurdles, shedding light on the unpredictable nature of international business ventures.

KFC’s Departure: A Path Fraught with Obstacles 

Fresh demands from Moscow initially caused a delay in the KFC restaurants’ departure from Russia. Sergei Levin, who heads the legal department at Unirest—a company managing the former assets in Russia of Yum! Brands—highlighted that the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (Sanctions Authority, or OFAC) became involved, leading to further postponements. Levin’s statements underscore the challenges many businesses encounter when looking to reshape their international footprints.

It is noteworthy that Moscow’s actions in Ukraine were a driving force behind Yum! Brands’ decision to leave. However, unlike their competitors, McDonald’s and KFC, KFC allowed some of its franchisees to continue their operations in Russia with minor alterations to their menu. This highlights a diverse approach by global brands while addressing geopolitical tensions.

Intricacies of the Exit

While Yum! Brands was in the process of finalizing its exit strategy, the U.S. Treasury’s OFAC provided compliance guidance regarding an “exit tax”. This guidance, released in February 2023, came during the time when KFC’s exit negotiations were in progress. This further complicated the exit process, which culminated in the master franchise rights for KFC in Russia being transferred to Smart Service, a local franchisee. Details of the deal, particularly the financial aspects, were kept under wraps.

“The process of finding a suitable buyer and reaching a consensus on the foundational conditions was time-consuming,” expressed Levin. Subsequent to reaching a general agreement, a newly established rule necessitated that any share sales needed governmental departmental approval. Additionally, the introduction of an “exit tax” by Washington in December 2022 meant further delays. Levin reflected on the challenges, stating, “It felt like we were on the cusp of finalizing the deal, but then OFAC entered the equation, leading to more complexities.”

A New Dawn: The Rise of Rostic’s 

Despite the challenges, by mid-April, the former KFC restaurants started rebranding and reopening as Rostic’s, reviving a brand introduced shortly after the Soviet Union’s dissolution. Levin is optimistic about the brand transition and anticipates that by the end of 2023, approximately 60% of the existing 1,200 restaurants in Russia will operate under the Rostic’s banner. 


In conclusion, Yum! Brands’ journey underscores the complexities businesses might face in today’s era of business. While political scenarios and sanctions, like those posed by the Sanctions Authority, can throw up unexpected challenges, adaptability and resilience remain key for corporations to thrive.


Yum! Brands faced a series of challenges in their efforts to exit the Russian market with their KFC restaurants. The departure was initially delayed due to new demands from Moscow, and further complications arose when the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) intervened. Although Yum! Brands intended to exit due to Moscow’s actions in Ukraine, they took a different approach compared to McDonald’s by allowing some KFC franchisees to remain operational. Additional delays resulted from the “exit tax” that Washington introduced in December 2022. Despite these hurdles, by mid-April, former KFC restaurants began transitioning to the Rostic’s brand, a name from post-Soviet times. The rebranding indicates the evolving dynamics of international business amid political tensions and sanctions.

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