May 27, 2024


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The Armenian district of Nagorno-Karabakh, a hotbed of local tension for decades, now observes thousands of Armenians escaping their homes amidst disturbing circumstances. With claims hinting at Azerbaijan’s violent role, global players, including the United States, are walking in, voicing anxieties over civilian rights and caring for access in the war-torn region.

A Mass Exodus Unfolds:

Following the defeat in Nagorno-Karabakh, a torrent of Armenian families, wearied and famished, hastily departed from their ancestral homes. They took to the mountainous roads, trying to escape a region now under Azerbaijani control. Deputy Prime Minister Tigran Khachatryan highlighted that approximately 19,000 individuals have already sought refuge in neighboring Armenia, painting a dire picture of the unfolding humanitarian crisis. Elderly citizens, like Narine Shakaryan, spoke of their arduous journeys lasting over 24 hours, marred by hunger and desperation.

Widespread Protests and Panic:

While the refugees sought shelter, many of the remaining Armenians in Karabakh’s capital took to the streets, resulting in fuel stations being swamped by frantic citizens eager to stock up. This panic was accentuated when a fuel storage facility catastrophically exploded, leading to a tragic loss of at least 20 lives.

Global Intervention: The US Stepping In

As the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis extended, Samantha Power, the head of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), stayed in Armenia. Armed with a message of unity from U.S. President Joe Biden, she reproved Azerbaijan for its martial actions and underlined the need to uphold citizen rights. Emphasizing the crucial necessity of humanitarian assistance and independent monitoring, Power announced a substantial emergency aid package worth $11.5 million for Karabakh. Furthermore, the US called for an international investigation, noting reports of atrocities against civilians.

Eyewitness Accounts

Those fortunate enough to cross into Armenia narrated their harrowing experiences of escape. Stories of witnessing mass deaths, enduring hunger, and undergoing immense psychological trauma painted a bleak picture of ground reality. Azerbaijan, however, contends that its military actions solely targeted combatants within Karabakh.

A Shifting Balance in the Caucasus:

The Azerbaijani triumph in Nagorno-Karabakh significantly altered the geopolitical landscape of the South Caucasus region, renowned for its intricate ethnic mosaic and vital energy corridors. The outcome also hints at a recalibration of alliances. Armenia, traditionally leaning on Russia for security, has felt let down, attributing the Karabakh debacle to Moscow’s preoccupation with Ukraine. Meanwhile, Azerbaijan’s bond with Turkey strengthens. The proposition of a direct land corridor connecting Azerbaijan to Turkey could further change regional dynamics.


The Nagorno-Karabakh crisis spotlights a pressing humanitarian concern and hints at a reshuffling of geopolitical cards in the Caucasus. With thousands of expatriates and global powers articulating their locations, the coming months will be vital in determining the area’s fate and the broader implications for international mediation.


The Nagorno-Karabakh crisis has caused a significant migration of Armenian relations from their homes after the downfall of the Armenian enclave. Approximately 19,000 have sought refuge in Armenia, recounting harrowing tales of their escape journey. As Armenians depart, panic has set in with an explosion at a fuel storage facility, causing further chaos and loss. Samantha Power, the head of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), during her visit to Armenia, emphasized the need to protect civilian rights and announced a substantial $11.5 million emergency aid package for Karabakh. Eyewitnesses in Armenia relayed accounts of mass deaths and trauma, but Azerbaijan asserts they targeted only combatants. This crisis significantly impacts the geopolitical balance in the South Caucasus region. Armenia feels betrayed by its traditional ally Russia, while Azerbaijan’s ties with Turkey are bolstering. This event could reshape alliances and dynamics in the region.

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