June 23, 2024
Pakistan’s Tax Landscape
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The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), before known as the Central Board of Profits, is a federal law implementation agency in Pakistan that examines tax crimes, suspicious build-up of wealth, and money valeting. It is responsible for the gathering of taxation in the country from all people and businesses. The FBR also gathers intelligence on tax evasion and manages tax laws for the Government of Pakistan, temporarily as the central revenue gathering agency.

On the other hand, the Federal Tax Ombudsman (FTO) is an entity established by the Government of Pakistan in 1983 to ensure the prompt, just, and fair disposal of complaints of tax maladministration. The FTO autonomously considers these objections and mends any prejudice done to a taxpayer by movements of the tax employees of the FBR.

Transfer of Jurisdiction: AEOI Zones to Original Jurisdiction

Recently, the FTO directed the FBR to transfer sales tax and FED jurisdiction of all cases lying in AEOI Zones back to its original jurisdiction all over Pakistan. This move is significant as it impacts the way tax cases are handled within the country.

Understanding AEOI and Its Purpose

Automatic Exchange of Information-(AEOI) is a global orthodox that encompasses the conversation of communication amongst countries without having to appeal it. The purpose of AEOI is to reduce global tax evasion. The evidence exchanged embraces particulars about the monetary account and aspects about the account receptacle, such as their name, address, date of birth, and taxpayer ID number.

The Substance of Fundamental Jurisdiction

Unique jurisdiction states the power of a court to perceive a case first before any other court. In the situation of Pakistan, the Supreme Court has original authority in any argument between any two or more Administrations, meaning the Federal Government and the District Governments. By moving the jurisdiction of tax cases from AEOI Zones back to its innovative jurisdiction, these circumstances will now be heard by suitable courts in Pakistan.

Implications of the Transfer

This directive from the FTO to the FBR signifies a shift in the handling of tax cases in Pakistan. It ensures that tax cases are dealt with promptly and fairly, in line with the mandate of the FTO. This move also aligns with the purpose of the FBR, which is to maintain proper records of Withholding Taxes and prescribed persons, verify and crossmatch the monthly statements of Withholding Taxes alongside tax deposits, collection, returns, statements, book of accounts and declarations, and further figures on taxpayers.


The recent directive from the FTO to the FBR to transfer ST, FED jurisdiction of all cases from AEOI Zones to original jurisdiction is a significant development in Pakistan’s tax administration. It ensures that tax cases are handled appropriately and efficiently, reinforcing the roles of both the FBR and the FTO in maintaining tax justice in the country.2


The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) in Pakistan, responsible for investigating tax crimes and managing tax laws, and the Federal Tax Ombudsman (FTO), established to ensure fair disposal of tax complaints, play key roles in the country’s tax administration. Recently, the FTO directed the FBR to transfer sales tax and FED jurisdiction of all cases from Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) Zones back to their original jurisdiction in Pakistan. AEOI is a global standard to reduce tax evasion through the exchange of information between countries. Original jurisdiction refers to the court’s power to hear a case first. The directive ensures tax cases are dealt with promptly and fairly, aligning with the mandates of both the FBR and FTO. This significant development enhances the efficiency of tax case handling in Pakistan.

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